Chemical peels are intended to refresh one or several layers of the skin. To accomplish this task, the chosen peel solution induces a controlled injury to the skin. The resulting wound healing processes begin to regenerate new tissues and the dead skin eventually peels off. The regenerated skin is usually smoother and tighter than the old skin. There are a variety of peels in the skincare professional’s armamentarium: Superficial peels penetrate the top layer of the epidermis (top layer of the skin), medium go deeper into the entire epidermis, and the upper layer of the dermis level of the skin, whilst a deep peel will go right down to the base of the dermis. Practitioners can choose the different depths of chemical peels (superficial, medium or deep peels) depending on the colour of the patient’s skin, the improvement they require, their ability to tolerate the chemicals and their skin type. The practitioner will also consider the amount of time off work the patient may be able to take as some downtime is needed when the skin is peeling.
The treatment is typically for the face, but can also be used for the hands. The following improvements can be achieved after medical grade skin peels:
- Diminished appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Evened out skin tone, lightened discolorations and pigmentation
- Diminished appearance of pore size.
- Improved skin tone and texture.
- Reduced appearance of blemishes in acne prone skin.
- Visual light softening of shallow acne scars.
- Increased skin glow or radiance
Treatment takes approximately 20-40 minutes.
· After cleansing, the chosen skin peeling chemical is applied using a brush, cotton balls or sponge. It is allowed to act on the skin for a predetermined amount of time based on the concentration of the solution and the prescriber’s discernment of what the skin can take. The chemical penetrates the skin and breaks the bonds which hold each layer together. Once the desired number of skin layers have been separated and removed, the practitioner will apply a neutralizing solution/wash to remove the chemical solution from the skin.
· During a medium depth chemical peel no neutralisation solution is needed, and the practitioner will apply cool compress to sooth the skin.
· The patient may experience a little burning or stinging for up to 30 minutes
Pre- treatment care:
- A week before treatment avoid sun exposure and treatments such as waxing, depilatory creams and laser hair removal.
- 2-3 days before treatment stop taking any product containing retinol, AHA, BHA or Benzoyl Peroxide. Do not exfoliate.
- On the day of treatment do not shave the area which will be exposed to the peel.
After treatment care:
- Wait for at least 48 hours before resuming the use of Retin A or other vitamin A products.
- Avoid waxing facial hair for 72 hours after treatment
- Avoid strenuous exercise until the next day, or until the redness has subsided.
- Avoid scrubbing your face, use a mild face wash and pat dry gently.
- Avoid any other facial treatments for at least a week
- A medical grade skin peel is the in-clinic part of the treatment and is combined with prescribed skin preparations to use in subsequent weeks at home as part of the treatment regime to rejuvenated skin and achieve a healthy glowing complexion.
- Avoid direct sunlight for a at least a week. It is also recommended that patients wear a protective sun screen with a high SPF 50, as skin more vulnerable to discolouration and burning as it recovers from the peel.
Immediately after treatment the skin will look slightly pink. In some cases, skin may continue to peel for a few days (more so according to the intensity of the peel chemical used) and will be sensitive to the sun.
A series of 3-6 peels will be needed depending on the strength of the peel, the skin concern to be treated and the recovery time the patient can allocate. The course of treatment can help the skin renewal, making it appear healthier, smoother, plumper, firmer, less oily and more even toned with fewer acne blemishes.
The results will last longer if patients also use medical grade skincare at home and protect the face using a sun cream with a high factor SPF.
The results and the recovery time are dependent on whether the peel is superficial, medium or deep. The entire process from treatment to recovery can take a week or longer, but the results are soon apparent; clearer, brighter skin with a marked reduction in pigmentation and discolouration
- Chemical peels aren’t for everyone. Extra caution should be taken if you:
- Have warts, active cold sores, sunburn, dermatitis, or excessively sensitive skin.
- Have abnormal skin pigmentation
- If you have a history of rashes, allergies or a history of frequent outbreaks of cold sores
- Avoid treatment if you have taken the acne medication Isotretinoin in the past six months.
- Avoid if you are pregnant or breast feeding
- Changes in pigmentation
”A medical grade chemical peel or skin peeling treatment is probably one of the most effective, and affordable solutions to improve skin texture, exfoliate dead skin cells and refine open pores – allowing you to achieve incredibly smooth and younger looking skin, fast.”Meet our Experts